domenica 21 marzo 2010

ANOTHER BORROWER VICTORY IN FLORIDA: JUDGE VACATES SUMMARY JUDGMENT

ANOTHER BORROWER VICTORY IN FLORIDA: JUDGE VACATES SUMMARY JUDGMENT WRONGFULLY OBTAINED BY LAW OFFICE OF DAVID J. STERN FOR DEUTSCHE BANK AS TRUSTEE FOR SECURITIZED MORTGAGE LOAN TRUST

March 17, 2010

FDN has obtained another borrower victory in Florida by having a summary judgment of foreclosure vacated. The Judge in the Brevard County Circuit Court has entered an Order, on motion of the borrower which was prepared, filed, and argued in person by Jeff Barnes, Esq., vacating and setting aside a Final Summary Judgment of Foreclosure and enjoining any foreclosure sale. The Motion set forth that the Judgment was void as there was no proof of legal standing.

The Complaint, filed by the Law Offices of David J. Stern, P.A., alleged that the Plaintiff was the holder and owner of the note and mortgage by an assignment “to be filed”. No such assignment was ever filed, and thus Plaintiff Deutsche Bank fraudulently represented to the Court that it had proper legal standing to foreclose when in reality it did not. The threshold hurdle of proof of legal standing to foreclose under Florida law was recently highlighted by the Florida Second District Court of Appeal in the BAC Funding decision which was recently discussed on this website.

The same day that the hearing took place on the Brevard County Motion, FDN attorney Jeff Barnes, Esq. was presented with yet another case filed by the same attorney from the Stern law office for the same client (Deutsche Bank as “Trustee” of a securitized mortgage loan trust) with the same problem (no assignment or proof of VALID ownership of the Note and Mortgage) but filed in Manatee County, Florida with a summary judgment having been entered in favor of Deutsche Bank despite no assignment ever having been filed. A Motion has thus been filed to seek vacatur of the Stern Summary Judgment entered in this separate proceeding.

FDN litigates foreclosure cases throughout the State of Florida as well as in 27 other states, assisted by local counsel. The consistent pattern which is emerging, as to Deutsche Bank, is a misrepresentation of ownership of the Note and Mortgage (or “Deed of Trust” as it is called in non-judicial states other than Georgia, which terms the instrument a “Security Deed”); lack of valid ownership interest in these instruments and the rights attendant thereto; and a failure to produce competent evidence of any ownership (meaning that meritless MERS assignments are not “competent”). This pattern is present in numerous states with different law Firms. Deutsche Bank thus continues to be an entity whose representations must be carefully examined in any foreclosure attempt, because there is a high probability that one or more of its representations are false.

Jeff Barnes, Esq., www.ForeclosureDefenseNationwide.com

Verso un'altra rivoluzione francese?

Verso un'altra rivoluzione francese?
di Marcello Foa - 21/03/2010

Fonte: il giornale [scheda fonte]



La Federal Reserve ha annunciato che lascerà bassi i tassi di interesse ancora a lungo. Perché l’economia è ancora anemica. Giusto o forse no, perché si sta ripetendo lo scenario dei primi anni del Duemila, quando per rimediare allo scoppio della bolla del Nasdaq la Fed tenne i tassi bassi e questo pose le premesse per la creazione di una nuova bolla, scoppiata tra il 2007 e il 2008.

Vedendo l’andamento delle Borse c’è da restare perplessi. La disoccupazione resta alta, le prospettive di crescita sono deludenti in tutto l’Occidente, il debito pubblico continua a crescita. Eppure la Borsa vola come se fossimo in periodo di pieno boom, scontando utili molto ipotetici. Il punto è che a nessuno importa degli utili, perché l’attuale crescita è guidata dalla liquidità a buon mercato, che fa felici speculatori e banche d’affari, i quali ricevono denaro praticamente gratis, denaro che anziché aiutare l’economia reale, alimenta la crescita artificiale della Borsa.

Insomma, ho l’impressione che si sia creata un’altra bolla e che questa sia ormai la natura di un sistema incentrato sulla finanza: si passa da una bolla all’altra; con creazioni di spaventose ricchezze individuali a fronte di un impoverimento della società, che anziché accumulare capitale, accumula debiti, privati o pubblici. Dunque diventa schiava.

Ma la storia insegna che sperequazioni così forti non durano. Un economista molto bravo l’altro giorno in confidenza mi ha detto: stiamo creando le premesse che hanno portato alla Rivoluzione francese ovvero a una ribellione di un popolo impoverito contro i privilegi inaccettabili di un’aristocrazia egoista, avida e autoreferenziale.

Ha ragione lui, lo sbocco della crisi provocherà una Rivoluzione? O il meccanismo del debito è cosî diabolico - e globale - da rendere le masse prigioniere per sempre?

AGGIORNAMENTO. Il professore citato nel post è Giovanni Barone-Adesi, docente di Teoria finanziaria presso la Facoltà di Scienze economiche dell’Università della Svizzera Italiana. Il suo nome non è molto noto al grande pubblico italiano, ma nel mondo accademico europeo e americano è considerato uno dei massimi esperti sui derivati e la gestione del rischio e collabora con varie istituzioni finanziarie e organi di regolamentazione nella gestione dei rischi (vedi la sua biografia - http://www.istfin.eco.usi.ch/personal-info?id=192 ). E’ stato lui stesso ad autorizzarmi a svelare la sua identità e ha contribuito inviando questo commento, che trovate qui sotto e che trascrivo di seguito:

Il sistema bancario resta fragile perchè la difesa degli azionisti ha avuto la priorità sulla ricapitalizzazione. Le banche senza capitale economico hanno difficoltà a fare credito, possono solo investire la liquidità data dalle banche centrali in attività speculative a breve, vantaggiosissime finchè pagano zero interessi sulla liquidità. Il fatto che le autorità calcolino il capitale regolamentare in modo fantasioso non cambia la realtà, solo l’offusca. Le banche sono obbligate a speculare invece di sostenere la ripresa con il credito. Passiamo di crisi in crisi, trasferendo ogni volta soldi dai contribuenti a pochi individui. Per parafrasare Churchill, raramente pochi hanno dovuto tanto a tanti. Questo quadro, che in realtà si applica agli Stati Uniti e all’Inghilterra piu’ che all’Italia, forse non porterà in fretta alla rivoluzione, ma rischia di tenere a galla Brown e altri opportunisti (qualcuno anche in Italia, paese che soffre di mali piu’ antichi) che, dando la colpa alla finanziarizzazione eccessiva dell’economia, gli hedge fund e l’ingegneria finanziaria, difendono lo status quo, un’autentica perversione dell’economia di mercato.

Marcello Foa

Latouche rilancia per l'oggi le tesi poundiane

E Serge Latouche rilancia per l'oggi le tesi poundiane
di Riccardo Notte - 21/03/2010

Ripreso da: Arianna, Fonte: il secolo d'italia

Con "L'invenzione dell'economia" lo studioso propone una rigorosa analisi storico-critica che muove da lontano: dall'etica di Aristotele

Preso alla lettera, il messaggio dell'economista e filosofo francese Serge Latouche assume un insolito sapore escatologico, un annuncio della fine dei tempi che talvolta sfiora i toni della predicazione millenarista. Perché nel volume L'invenzione dell'economia (Bollati Boringhieri, pp. 257 pagine, € 18,00) nell'ottima traduzione di Fabrizio Grillenzoni, abbondano frasi apocalittiche come le seguenti: «Questo totalitarismo dell'economia è destinato a portare, nel tempo, alla morte dell'economia, e forse dell'umanità stessa. L'assurdità di una vita di cui l'economia è insieme il mezzo e il fine si smaschera, e con ciò si smaschera il vuoto fondamentale della vita. Tanto vale suicidarsi e farla finita subito». Davvero sinistro. Oppure si legge: «Il sole della modernità e dell'economia ha raggiunto il suo Occidente, cioè il luogo del suo tramonto». Annuncio quasi spengleriano. Ma ancora: «La monetizzazione di tutto e di ogni cosa alla quale oggi assistiamo provoca il collasso delle significazioni». Enigmatico. D'altronde, Latouche è celebre per le sue tesi anticonformiste, enunciate ad esempio in Come sopravvivere allo sviluppo (2005), in La Megamacchina (1995) o nel Breve trattato sulla decrescita serena (2008); ma in L'invenzione dell'economia, se si escludono le provocazioni appena citate, inutilmente si cercherà la moneta catastrofista oggi così facilmente spendibile nell'era della crisi economica planetaria. Nella prefazione all'edizione francese, apparsa nel 2005, Latouche ricorda che la genesi di questo libro affonda in tempi remoti e non sospetti, quando il mito dominante era quello dell'espansione illimitata.
All'epoca fiorivano interpretazioni dell'agire economico che promettevano vertiginosi, inarrestabili incrementi progressivi. Grandi personalità della scienza, come il biofisico Stuart Kauffman, ragionavano intorno ai "possibili adiacenti", che in economia si sarebbero tradotti in sempre maggiori livelli di complessità, quindi di ricchezza. Anche Derrick de Kerckhove, allievo e prosecutore di Marshall McLuhan, illustrava grafici che connettevano la crescente velocità dell'informazione all'accelerazione economica e finanziaria, prospettando mirabolanti futuri contingenti. Oggi, invece, anche i sostenitori dello sviluppo illimitato confessano alcune incertezze, e l'industria editoriale vi si adegua.
Ma perché considerare l'economia una "invenzione"? Il libero scambio, la moneta, il prestito a interesse e il concetto stesso di merce sarebbero dunque paragonabili alle scoperte e applicazioni della macchina a vapore o dell'elettricità? È possibile ripensare la storia in assenza di sistemi produttivi e finanziari? È concepibile l'homo senza l'aggettivo oeconomicus? Se l'economia è davvero un'invenzione maledetta, generatrice di ossessioni utilitaristiche senza fondo e senza scopo, è corretto auspicare una società priva delle leggi economiche oggi conosciute e accettate? Non si sfiora forse il sogno degli anarchici? Soprattutto, è realistico pensare a un mondo privo del denaro, eppure sovrabbondante di beni e di servizi? I poeti, i letterati, ci hanno provato. Il poeta americano Ezra Pound, nei suoi scritti economici, denunciò l'allucinazione, la mania e l'idea fissa del mercato, come si sa. E H.G. Wells, in Uomini come Dèi, descrisse dal canto suo la civiltà senza denaro e senza merci degli utopiani, gli abitanti di una immaginaria dimensione parallela. Da queste radici migliaia di emuli.
Latouche apparentemente non si spinge così lontano, o per meglio dire non si dichiara. Certo è che in L'invenzione dell'economia troviamo una rigorosa analisi storico-critica che muove da lontano: dall'Aristotele dell'Etica nicomachea fino alle sorprendenti radici agostiniane e gianseniste del capitalismo, passando per l'invenzione lessicale del termine "economia", per la fondazione dell'ideologia lavorista, per la costruzione di una fisica sociale, per la inevitabile distruzione del concetto di communitas per la pressione del capitale finaziario. L'ascendenza metafisica - studiata con acume in oltre i due terzi di questo arduo testo - certamente sgomenta, ma a ragione consente di parlare di una vera e propria religione dell'economia, e della sua specifica dogmatica.
La pietra di paragone non poteva che essere l'opera di Adam Smith: forse il capitolo più impegnativo del libro. Con la mediazione e critica del pensiero di Depuy, Latouche riesamina il movente fondamentale, l'impulso primario che si cela dietro ogni accumulazione capitalistica. Era rovello dell'autore della Ricchezza delle nazioni, e lo è ancor oggi per ogni economista. Ed ecco sorgere, del tutto inatteso, il confronto con René Girard, il grande antropologo e filosofo, teorico del capro espiatorio, del meccanismo persecutorio e della rivalità mimetica. Al fondo del processo economico potrebbe infatti celarsi il desiderio di approvazione degli altri, mutuato dal possesso e dall'ostentazione: forma trasversale e a-culturale di narcisismo collettivo, che si risolve nella fondazione di un autentico mito. Il mito economico, per l'appunto.
Certo, il desiderio mimetico può percorrere vie opposte. Da un lato esso può volgersi nell'interiorità, e praticare la cura dell'anima e la saggezza. Dall'altro esso può ben realizzarsi nell'acquisizione della ricchezza. In fondo, entrambe le vie sono forme di "speculazione", cioè di relazione dell'io con gli altri.
Solo che questa Alice perennemente davanti allo specchio può tendere sia all'esteriorità, quindi alla proprietà, al fasto e a tutto ciò che il denaro può comprare, comprese le anime, sia all'acquisizione dei saperi e delle virtù. Entrambe, però, a ben vedere, esperienze faustiane, e infelici, perché ambedue uniformate all'accumulazione progressiva, entrambe accomunate dalla necessità di trasformare un processo vitale in astratto capitale. Tutto sommato, un libro che lascia pochi spiragli.


Serge Latouche,
L’artificio culturale della naturalità del mercato
Pagine 160 - Formato 15x21
Prezzo € 11,01 (invece di 12,95)

Con questa raccolta viene presentato al pubblico italiano il percorso storico-culturale di Serge Latouche. I saggi pubblicati in questo volume indagano l’origine delle categorie e delle rappresentazioni economiche...

Intervista di Pasolini a Ezra Pound (video)

Parte dell'intervista di Pasolini a Ezra Pound (video):
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0YJSG1C3sF8

Ezra Pound spiegava a tutti quelli che incontrava la truffa monetaria in corso nelle "democrazie" occidentali. Forse è questa la chiave di lettura che costò la vita a Pasolini?

Court rejects Fed's bailout secrecy claim

Appeals court rejects Fed's bailout secrecy claim

Section:

3:30p ET Friday, March 19, 2010

Dear Friend of GATA and Gold:

The exemption from freedom-of-information law the Federal Reserve has been claiming against disclosure in the Bloomberg News case cited below is the same exemption the Fed has been claiming against disclosure in GATA's demand for access to the Fed's secret gold swap agreements with foreign banks. Now two courts have rejected the Fed's claim of that exemption.

CHRIS POWELL, Secretary/Treasurer
Gold Anti-Trust Action Committee Inc.

* * *

Federal Reserve Must Disclose Bank Bailout Records

By David Glovin and Bob Van Voris
Bloomberg News
Friday, March 19, 2010

http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601087&sid=aB3yIaXayz4g

NEW YORK -- The Federal Reserve Board must disclose documents identifying financial firms that might have collapsed without the largest U.S. government bailout ever, a federal appeals court said.

The U.S. Court of Appeals in Manhattan ruled today that the Fed must release records of the unprecedented $2 trillion U.S. loan program launched primarily after the 2008 collapse of Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc. The ruling upholds a decision of a lower-court judge, who in August ordered that the information be released.

The Fed had argued that disclosure of the documents threatens to stigmatize borrowers and cause them "severe and irreparable competitive injury," discouraging banks in distress from seeking help. A three-judge panel of the appeals court rejected that argument in a unanimous decision.

The U.S. Freedom of Information Act, or FOIA, "sets forth no basis for the exemption the Board asks us to read into it," U.S. Circuit Chief Judge Dennis Jacobs wrote in the opinion. "If the Board believes such an exemption would better serve the national interest, it should ask Congress to amend the statute."

The opinion may not be the final word in the bid for the documents, which was launched by Bloomberg LP, the parent of Bloomberg News, with a November 2008 lawsuit. The Fed may seek a rehearing or appeal to the full appeals court and eventually petition the U.S. Supreme Court.

If today's ruling is upheld or not appealed by the Fed, it will have to disclose the requested records. That may lead to "catastrophic" results, including demands for the instant disclosure of banks seeking help from the Fed, resulting in a "death sentence" for such financial institutions, said Chris Kotowski, a bank analyst at Oppenheimer & Co. in New York.

"Whenever the Fed extends funds to a bank, it should be disclosed in private to the Congressional oversight committees, but to release it to the public I think would be a horrific mistake," Kotowski said in an interview. "It would stigmatize the banks, it would lead to all kinds of second-guessing of the Fed, and I don't see what public purpose is served by it."

Sen. Bernie Sanders, an independent from Vermont, said the decision was a "major victory" for U.S. taxpayers.

"This money does not belong to the Federal Reserve," Sanders said in a statement. "It belongs to the American people, and the American people have a right to know where more than $2 trillion of their money has gone."

The Fed is reviewing the decision and considering its options for reconsideration or appeal, Fed spokesman David Skidmore said.

"We're obviously pleased with the court's decision, which is an important affirmation of the public's right to know what its government is up to," said Thomas Golden, a partner at New York-based Willkie Farr & Gallagher LLP and Bloomberg's outside counsel.

The court was asked to decide whether loan records are covered by FOIA. Historically, the type of government documents sought in the case has been protected from public disclosure because they might reveal competitive trade secrets.

The Fed had argued that it could withhold the information under an exemption that allows federal agencies to refuse disclosure of "trade secrets and commercial or financial information obtained from a person and privileged or confidential."

The Clearing House Association, which processes payments among banks, joined the case and sided with the Fed. The group includes ABN Amro Bank NV, a unit of Royal Bank of Scotland Plc, Bank of America Corp., The Bank of New York Mellon Corp., Citigroup Inc., Deutsche Bank AG, HSBC Holdings Plc, JPMorgan Chase & Co., US Bancorp, and Wells Fargo & Co.

Paul Saltzman, general counsel for the Clearing House, said the decision did not address the "fundamental issue" of whether disclosure would "competitively harm" borrower banks.

"The Second Circuit declined to follow the decisions of other circuit courts recognizing that disclosure of certain confidential information can impair the effectiveness of government programs, such as lending programs," Saltzman said in a statement.

The Clearing House is considering whether to ask for a rehearing by the full Second Circuit and, ultimately, review by the U.S. Supreme Court, he said.

Oscar Suris, a spokesman for Wells Fargo, JPMorgan spokeswoman Jennifer Zuccarelli, Bank of New York Mellon spokesman Kevin Heine, and RBS spokeswoman Linda Harper all declined to comment. Deutsche Bank spokesman Ronald Weichert couldn't immediately comment. Bank of America declined to comment, Scott Silvestri said. Citigroup spokeswoman Shannon Bell declined to comment.

Bloomberg, majority-owned by New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg, sued after the Fed refused to name the firms it lent to or disclose loan amounts or assets used as collateral under its lending programs. Most of the loans were made in response to the deepest financial crisis since the Great Depression.

Lawyers for Bloomberg argued in court that the public has the right to know basic information about the "unprecedented and highly controversial use" of public money.

"Bloomberg has been trying for almost two years to break down a brick wall of secrecy in order to vindicate the public’s right to learn basic information," Golden wrote in court filings.

Banks and the Fed warned that bailed-out lenders may be hurt if the documents are made public, causing a run or a selloff by investors. Disclosure may hamstring the Fed's ability to deal with another crisis, they also argued.

Much of the debate at the appeals court argument on Jan. 11 centered on the potential harm to banks if it was revealed that they borrowed from the Fed's so-called discount window. Matthew Collette, a lawyer for the government, said banks don't do that unless they have liquidity problems.

FOIA requires federal agencies to make government documents available to the press and public. An exception to the statute protects trade secrets and privileged or confidential financial data. In her Aug. 24 ruling, U.S. District Judge Loretta Preska in New York said the exception didn't apply because there's no proof banks would suffer.

In its opinion today, the appeals court said that the exception applies only if the agency can satisfy a three-part test. The information must be a trade secret or commercial or financial in character; must be obtained from a person; and must be privileged or confidential, according to the opinion.

The court said that the information sought by Bloomberg was not "obtained from" the borrowing banks. It rejected an alternative argument the individual Federal Reserve Banks are "persons" for purposes of the law because they would not suffer the kind of harm required under the "privileged and confidential" requirement of the exemption.

In a related case, U.S. District Judge Alvin Hellerstein in New York previously sided with the Fed and refused to order the agency to release Fed documents that Fox News Network sought. The appeals court today returned that case to Hellerstein and told him to order the Fed to conduct further searches for documents and determine whether the documents should be disclosed.

"We are pleased that this information is finally, and rightfully, going to be made available to the American public," said Kevin Magee, Executive Vice President of Fox Business Network, in a statement.

The Fed's balance sheet debt doubled after lending standards were relaxed following Lehman's failure on Sept. 15, 2008. That year, the Fed began extending credit directly to companies that weren't banks for the first time since the 1930s. Total central bank lending exceeded $2 trillion for the first time on Nov. 6, 2008, reaching $2.14 trillion on Sept. 23, 2009.

More than a dozen other groups or companies filed friend- of-the-court briefs. Those arguing for disclosure of the records included the American Society of News Editors and individual news organizations.

"It's gratifying that the court recognizes the considerable interest in knowing what is being done with our tax dollars," said Lucy Dalglish, executive director of the Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press in Arlington, Virginia.

"We've learned some powerful lessons in the last 18 months that citizens need to pay more attention to what's going on in the financial world. This decision will make it easier to do that."

The case is Bloomberg LP v. Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, 09-04083, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit (New York).

La rivoluzione non è necessaria, forse.

La rivoluzione non è necessaria, forse.
di Marco Saba
http://www.ostrovskyfineart.com/images/abstracts/ascension_48x60.jpg
Uso questo titolo provocatorio per introdurre un argomento abbastanza scomodo: che mezzi usa l'élite per automantenersi ed impedire un vero progresso dell'umanità in occidente?
La risposta potrebbe far inorridire la mente per la sua semplicità: crea denaro per allocarselo, arricchirsi e comprare o zittire qualunque voce che tenta la denuncia della grande frode uscita dalla seconda guerra mondiale. La chiave dell'enorme potere derivante dall'attività di creazione dello strumento di pagamento, la moneta, serve anche per capire la geopolitica, una materia che tanti commentatori televisivi cercano di complicare ad oltranza per nascondere che il re è nudo. Possiamo dire che il Grande Gioco si riassume nella questione e nella gestione privata dell'emissione dei mezzi di pagamento. Chiunque capisce al volo che i falsari - quelli che falsificano la moneta ufficiale attualmente in uso - si arricchiscono quando riescono a spenderla. La stessa cosa vale anche per il sistema bancario con la differenza che la creazione di denaro da parte delle banche danneggia molto di più la società e lo stato - e quindi l'ordine pubblico economico - perché di norma la moneta bancaria è emessa ad usura. Ovvero, dietro alla creazione di un debito da ripagare con interessi. L'assurdità di questa pratica consiste principalmente nel fatto che le banche creano solo il capitale - come moneta - ma non creano il denaro necessario a pagare gli interessi pretesi indietro. Paradossalmente, il sistema sarebbe solvibile solo se esistesse una quantità di moneta sufficiente - e non creata a debito - per coprire la parte di interessi richiesti. In pratica, se i falsari stampassero abbastanza valuta falsa (non creata a debito) per coprire gli interessi. Altrimenti, si ha una scarsità artificiale del mezzo monetario che fa sì che tutti come pazzi - una volta indebitatisi - passino la vita a correre per cercare quella quota parte di interessi per i quali non esiste "fisicamente" moneta in circolazione sufficiente. Questo può sembrare divertente come ulteriore prova - se ce ne fosse bisogno - della stupidità umana e della demenza collettiva dove ci hanno portato quelli che avevano la responsabilità di formarci ed informarci (scuola e media). Ma anche quanti, scoperta questa vera e propria mega-truffa, non hanno mosso un dito: polizie e magistrature. Dico che la truffa è ormai scoperta perché solo all'interno del nostro Centro Studi Monetari, in 5 anni, abbiamo pubblicato una decina di libri che spiegano l'arcano, libri che hanno avuto diffusione nazionale con decine di migliaia di copie vendute (1). E per chi non ha nemmeno più i soldi per comprare un libro, ne abbiamo messo uno gratis su internet (2). E per chi non avesse nemmeno gli occhi per leggere, lo abbiamo pure messo in formato audiolibro (3). L'enorme vantaggio economico derivante dall'esercizio dell'oligopolio della creazione monetaria non è giusto che rimanga appannaggio di una élite privata di cocainomani che vanno a trans. Questo vantaggio - che io definisco "rendita monetaria effettiva", per distinguerlo dalla semplice "rendita monetaria" così come intesa da quei falsari della Banca d'Italia (4), spetta naturalmente allo stato. Cosa succede quando una percentuale significativa della popolazione - quella meno demente - capisce quello che stiamo scrivendo? Di norma, accade una rivoluzione ed il sistema bancario viene nazionalizzato (a meno che non si facciano tutti comprare in massa dalle banche). Casi tipici in questo senso sono stati la rivoluzione cinese e quella iraniana. Noi abbiamo avuto il fascismo che emetteva "biglietti di stato a corso legale" invece di farsi usurare dai banchieri come fa oggi il governo prendendo a prestito quello che è il frutto di una prerogativa della sovranità (monetaria): la moneta. Ma il fascismo (5) è stato presto gettato nella pattumiera della storia assieme anche ai diritti che vennero conquistati per i lavoratori e che - in gran parte - un sindacato stracorrotto è riuscito a far cancellare progressivamente negli ultimi trent'anni. Dico stracorrotto proprio perché mai i sindacati - nemmeno quelli meno gialli - hanno osato prendere posizione ufficialmente e levare una voce per denunciare lo scandalo bestiale (ma offendo le bestie) del signoraggio privato sull'emissione monetaria. Questa assurdità è costata le vite di quanti - "falliti" - hanno scelto la strada del suicidio. Per questo il compianto professor Giacinto Auriti aveva denunciato Carlo Azeglio Ciampi, allora governatore della Banca d'Italia, per istigazione al suicidio. Perché se nell'aggregato non esiste moneta sufficiente per pagare gli interessi, quando finisce la musica qualcuno rimane per forza senza la sedia dove sedersi. Cioè quando le banche impongono di "rientrare". Possiamo approssimativamente dire che se manca un 20% di moneta per rendere solvibile il sistema, falliranno circa il 20% delle imprese e persone attualmente esposte col sistema bancario. Solo questo da l'idea della sovversione dell'ordine economico operata silenziosamente dal sistema bancario. Ma nel paese dello "io speriamo che me la cavo", i soggetti meno ingenui hanno ognuno la loro banchetta, ad esempio Berlusconi (Banca Mediolanum) ed il Vaticano (con lo IOR, l'Istituto per le Opere di Religione, verrebbe da ridere se non ci fosse da piangere...). Ma il Vaticano almeno, seppure in modo molto vago nelle sue encicliche, cerca di denunciare il sistema e di avvertire i fedeli. Naturalmente, senza entrare troppo nei particolari, non venisse in mente al Casini di turno di chiedersi perché molti banchieri fan parte dell'Opus Dei...
Ma 57 milioni di italiani non possono diventare tutti banchieri per difendersi dal racket del signoraggio. 57 milioni di italiani, arrivati ad essere appunto "italiani" a seguito di innumerevoli guerre inutili, visto dove siamo arrivati, hanno il diritto di aspettarsi che lo stato - con tutte le sue polizie più o meno segrete - faccia qualcosa per farli uscire da questo racket che costa centinaia di miliardi di euro all'anno, nonché letteralmente la vita usurata a morte dei suoi cittadini.
Allora torniamo al titolo, perché dico che la rivoluzione forse non è necessaria? Perché ci sono paesi dove gli statisti (Putin in Russia, Chavez in Venezuela e forse Gheddafi in Libia) fanno qualcosa per limitare il potere della piovra coi tentacoli a forma di Bancomat.
Se per esempio Tremonti avesse letto qualcuno dei libri citati sopra - e non si facesse troppo inebriare dalle riunioni dell'Aspen Institute - potrebbe provare a seguire una via "morbida" al cambiamento. Potrebbe almeno - come fanno in Nord Dakota (6)- creare una Banca davvero d'Italia con cui offrire ai cittadini quanto loro negato dal sistema usuraio. Una banca di stato che usasse il criterio attuale di riserva frazionaria (2%) avrebbe bisogno di raccogliere solo un cinquantesimo della massa monetaria richiesta dalle spese dello stato. Proprio perché potrebbe usare a suo favore la leva del moltiplicatore monetario. Infatti, le banche prestano fino a 50 volte la cifra raccolta che pongono "a riserva", dimostrando di essere tutte in bancarotta tecnica (perché, a differenza dello stato, possono finire in bancarotta).
Con questo sistema, cioè creando ed usando una banca di stato, senza toccare il sistema bancario attuale, le tasse potrebbero praticamente sparire, come già succede con i paesi cosiddetti paradisi fiscali che emettono la propria moneta statale. Ovviamente la neonata Banca del Sud non è che una pallida imitazione del tipo di banca statale che intendo io. Pare che il governo - in questo senso - sia parecchio timido. Ora si tratta di vedere se - a forza di palliativi e succedanei - la popolazione rimanga ancora - e per quanto tempo - ipnotizzata nel suo stato di malessere economico. Perché - nel caso di troppo poco e troppo tardi - si rischia che i milioni di disoccupati scelgano una alternativa meno ingloriosa del suicidio. E magari decidano di chieder conto all'élite di quanto successo sinora. I dati sono preoccupanti: ormai, ogni italiano, è stato derubato dell'equivalente di 1,3 milioni di euro. Una cifra più che sufficiente per assicurare una vita dignitosa a tutti, calcolando anziani e bambini.
Ma in questo tempo di VEDUTA CORTA, come direbbe Padoa-Schioppa, il sistema politico gioca d'azzardo e cerca di continuare "ad infinitum" il triste e melanconico "gioco delle parti". Sperando e pregando che i cittadini non si sveglino sparando. E' un rischio morale micidiale. Un rischio mortale. Perché non è vero - come diceva Totò - che ogni limite ha la sua pazienza. Aspettiamo e vedremo.


Note:

1) Bankentein, Euroschiavi, Euflazione, Il grande mutuo, La moneta copernicana, O la banca o la vita, Moneta Nostra, etc.

2) Moneta Nostra si può scaricare da:

http://studimonetari.org/monetanostra.pdf

3) Moneta Nostra in formato audiolibro è qui:

http://www.archive.org/details/moneta_nostra_marco_Saba_chemtrail.dyndns.org_oseido

4) La Banca d'Italia, così come le altre banche centrali nazionali europee, pretende di definire la "rendita monetaria" come il differenziale tra i titoli di stato illegittimamente detenuti all'attivo ed il valore nominale della moneta emessa come passivo... In pratica, considera solo il signoraggio sugli interessi dei titoli e fa sparire quello sull'intera massa di moneta creata.

5) Su internet chi si occupa seriamente in Italia del tema dell'esercizio della sovranità monetaria, viene tacciato di "fascista". Nel mondo angloamericano hanno più fantasia con i titoli offensivi: "populista" e "antisemita". Mentre, da perfetti ignoranti, considerano "fascista" il sistema bancario attuale...
Ovviamente non si tratta qui di rimettere in funzione il sistema usato durante il periodo fascista, ma di capirne il meccanismo per proporre una riforma monetaria adatta ai tempi attuali.

6) "The Growing Movement for Publicly Owned Banks", di Ellen Brown, YES! Magazine, 18 marzo 2010

http://www.yesmagazine.org/new-economy/the-growing-movement-for-publicly-owned-banks

Forum Nazionale Antiusura Bancaria

Carissimi,

Stiamo costituendo il Forum Nazionale Antiusura Bancaria.
Se siete interessati a partecipare ai lavori del Forum mandateci un messaggio o contattate la Segreteria dell'On.le Domenico Scilipoti, Sig.ra Angelica Bianco 06.67608028
scilipoti_d@camera.it
Il primo parlamentare che si è messo a nostra disposizione e ci sta dando voce (clicca qui) .

Se volete invece essere coinvolti nelle iniziative parlamentari e nazionali senza partecipare ai lavori preparatori, prenotatevi come sopra, oppure chiedete i recapiti dei referenti della Vostra provincia .
Il FORUM Nazionale Antiusura Bancaria assumerà la veste giuridica di Federazione o Confederazione e sarà aperta ad ogni Associazione di categoria e di rappresentanza dei consumatori, parlamentare, nonché a singoli cittadini e vittime che ne facciano richiesta.

Abbiamo aperto un sito internet (clicca qui) che dobbiamo riempire di contenuti . Il responsabile provvisorio è l'Ing. Di Stefano
info@abusibancari.org

Proprio oggi abbiamo inviato ai primi rappresentanti del Forum la proposta del messaggio da inserire nella pagina iniziale (clicca qui) : se avete suggerimenti e proposte, inviateli .

Un abbraccio,
Emidio

Obama, Clinton Money Man Guilty Of Major Fraud

http://www.judicialwatch.org/sites/judicialwatch.org/themes/judicialwatch/images/header_blog.jpg

Obama, Clinton Money Man Guilty Of Major Fraud Scheme

Last Updated: Fri, 03/19/2010 - 3:00pm

The shady Iranian fundraiser who for years donated lucrative sums to top Democrats—including the president, vice president and secretary of state—has pleaded guilty to a major bank-fraud scheme that could land him in jail for nearly two decades.

Disgraced Democratic money man Hassan Nemazee admitted this week that he defrauded three financial institutions out of nearly $300 million in loan proceeds by falsifying documents and signatures to show he had hundreds of millions of dollars worth of collateral. The Ivy League-educated crook then used the proceeds to donate big bucks to the campaigns of federal, state and local candidates.

Among them are some of the nation’s best known and most powerful Democrats, including Secretary of State and former New York Senator Hillary Clinton, President Barack Obama and Vice President Joe Biden. Nemazee was actually the national finance chairman of Clinton’s failed 2008 presidential campaign as well as John Kerry’s in 2004.

The corrupt “investment banker” went on to raise more than half a million dollars for Obama after Clinton’s primary defeat and donated the maximum ($50,000) allowed to the new president’s inauguration committee. Less than a year ago Nemazee hosted a $28,500-a-head fundraiser for Obama in his luxurious Upper East Side New York penthouse.

When Nemazee was criminally charged last fall, top Democrats scrambled to return his tainted money and there is plenty floating around the coffers of the party’s elite. For nearly a decade Nemazee was a key figure in Democratic fundraising circles, donating and gathering hundreds of thousands of dollars. Nemazee was so well-connected that in the late 1990s Bill Clinton nominated him to be a U.S. ambassador in Argentina though the position never materialized.

Another top Democratic fundraiser, admitted Chinese swindler Norman Hsu, is in jail for fraud. Hsu raised nearly $1 million for Hillary Clinton’s presidential campaign and substantial sums for party leaders like New Mexico Governor Bill Richardson and California Senator Dianne Feinstein. Clinton was so tight with Hsu that a voicemail recording of her praising Hsu was presented as evidence in federal court. In it she repeatedly thanks Hsu for his support and tells the one-time fugitive she’s never seen anybody who has been more loyal and more effective.

6th Annual AMI Monetary Reform Conference

Dear Friends of the American Monetary Institute,

Announcing the 6th Annual AMI Monetary Reform Conference, Sept. 30 - Oct. 3rd at Roosevelt University in Chicago.

The Institute was founded in 1996 and has since then provided materials on our website aimed at educating the public and our legislators on the nation's monetary problem (a privatized monetary system run amok) and how to repair and reform it. Since 2003 our research results were published and available in The Lost Science of Money book by myself, Stephen Zarlenga. From 2005 the Institute has held an annual Monetary Reform Conference in Chicago and publicized its American Monetary Act, as the comprehensive solution to the developing monetary/banking crisis. All these are viewable at http://www.monetary.org.

So our 6th Annual AMI Monetary Reform Conference will take place at a time of continuing crisis and great risk of further rapid international deterioration! It also represents a rare opportunity to achieve real monetary reform. As always, a great lineup of speakers is taking shape now, including some surprises. See our website for the Conference announcement at http://www.monetary.org/2009conference.html

Until now, no real reforms have been introduced by our legislators. Both Senator Dodd and Congressman Frank are closing the barn door after the horses (or should I say the pigs) have all run out! Neither truly address the real issue of monetary reform. The essence of monetary reform is to remove the monetary power from those who have repeatedly abused it with disastrous effect - to remove the MONEY POWER from the private banking establishment. See the American Monetary Act at http://www.monetary.org/amacolorpamphlet.pdf.
The rest, the positive elements will follow from that. Anything less will not be real reform, and would only waste this opportune moment.

The 2010 Conference will focus on that opportunity, and what participants can do to make a difference. The normal registration fee of $395, is reduced to $225 for early registrations postmarked by April 30th. (Please see the registration form at http://www.monetary.org/2010conference.html)

The Venue is again at Roosevelt University in downtown Chicago, from
Sept. 24-27th. Chicago has become a political focus of our nation. It also has a rich tradition in monetary reform. Known especially (by those in the know) for the proposed monetary reform law called The Chicago Plan, which came out of brilliant people at the University of Chicago in the 1930s; before the University's Economics Department went over to the Dark Side with their present market worship nonsense.

Please try to participate this year. Its a key time to act for real reform. If you can't attend you can still participate by making a donation at http://www.monetary.org, that we will use for attendance scholarships to students. And remember, your donation supports all the activities of the American Monetary Institute. It makes a very big difference to our work and the results we can achieve. We really can continue making progress with your help. (see the excitement that Congressman Dennis Kucinich created on the Floor of the House of Representatives at
http://new.monetary.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=112&Itemid=93
We are expecting that Dennis will be among the speakers at this conference, and will have introduced the legislation he describes in the video before then.
Warm regards to all,
Please support the AMI, We are working for you! And we need your help.

Stephen Zarlenga
Ami

P.S. If you are tired of hearing "the usual suspects" who created the crisis, hogging the airwaves, write or call the media in your area and suggest that they interview me by calling 224-805-2200.

Contro il signoraggio bancario e l'usura: banchetto della 'Simeone'

ilQuaderno.it, 21/03/2010 :: 12:24:59

Contro il signoraggio bancario e l'usura: banchetto della 'Simeone'


Carmine Giangregorio, portavoce dell'associazione 'Generoso Simeone', rende noto che ieri 20 marzo il sodalizio è stato presente, lungo il Corso Garibaldi di Benevento, con un banchetto informativo sul signoraggio bancario e l'usura. "In una cittadina sicuramente vittima dell'usura - scrive l'associazione - l'argomento economico dovrebbe far riflettere e suscitare ampio interesse. Considerevoli, infatti, gli interessamenti dei nostri concittadini che, nonostante le fastidiose sollecitazioni elettorali, hanno avuto la pazienza e il buon senso di fermarsi a discutere con noi del significato culturale e politico di quanto andavamo a fare. L'azione sarà ripetuta sicuramente nel prossimo mese seguita da conferenze e altro sullo stesso tema".

Ultima modifica 21/03/2010 alle ore 12:29

Mary Elizabeth Clyens Lease: The Populist "Joan of Arc"

Mary Elizabeth Clyens Lease: The Populist "Joan of Arc"

Posted by: "Dick Eastman"

Sat Mar 20, 2010 4:07 am (PDT)


Here is a populist woman who understood that both silver and gold were unnecessary constraints harming the public. She backed Weaver against Democrat Bryan and against fusion between Populists and Democrats. Furthermore, the criticism she got from the Republican and Democratic media was totally unfair, because what she said about the Money Power was true and no media whore could report it accurately.

From various sources:

"An organized effort is making to deceive the people. There are two great enemies of thought and progress, the aristocracy of royalty and the aristocracy of gold."

Mary Elizabeth Clyens Lease (1853-1933)

"Wall Street owns the country. It is no longer a government of the people, by the people, and for the people, but a government of Wall Street, by Wall Street, and for Wall Street. The great common people of this country are slaves, and monopoly is the master."

"Her tall form, gave her a chance to send her powerful voice to the farthest rim of the crowd. She spoke with a majestic force which enthralled the crowd." -- Boston Globe

"We want money, land and transportation. ... We want the abolition of the National Banks, and we want the power to make loans direct from the government. We want the accursed foreclosure system wiped out... We will stand by our homes and stay by our firesides by force if necessary, and we will not pay our debts to loan-shark companies."

Wall Street Owns The Country
A Speech by Mary Elizabeth Lease (circa 1890)

This is a nation of inconsistencies. The Puritans fleeing from oppression became oppressors. We fought England for our liberty and put chains on four million of blacks. We wiped out slavery and our tariff laws and national banks began a system of white wage slavery worse than the first. Wall Street owns the country. It is no longer a government of the people, by the people, and for the people, but a government of Wall Street, by Wall Street, and for Wall Street. The great common people of this country are slaves, and monopoly is the master. The West and South are bound and prostrate before the manufacturing East. Money rules, and our Vice-President is a London banker. Our laws are the output of a system which clothes rascals in robes and honesty in rags. The [political] parties lie to us and the political speakers mislead us. We were told two years ago to go to work and raise a big crop, that was all we needed. We went to work and plowed and planted; the rains fell, the sun shone, nature smiled, and we raised the big crop that they told us to; and what came of it? Eight-cent corn, ten-cent oats, two-cent beef and no price at all for butter and eggs-that's what came of it. The politicians said we suffered from overproduction. Overproduction, when 10,000 little children, so statistics tell us, starve to death every year in the United States, and over 100,000 shopgirls in New York are forced to sell their virtue for the bread their niggardly wages deny them... We want money, land and transportation. We want the abolition of the National Banks, and we want the power to make loans direct from the government. We want the foreclosure system wiped out... We will stand by our homes and stay by our fireside by force if necessary, and we will not pay our debts to the loan-shark companies until the government pays its debts to us. The people are at bay; let the bloodhounds of money who dogged us thus far beware.

In 1888, she began to work for the Union Labor Party and gave a speech at their state convention. From there she became involved in the movement that would become the Populist party. By 1890, her involvement in the growing revolt of Kansas farmers against high mortgage interest and railroad rates had placed her in the forefront of the People's (Populist) Party.

A reporter asked her how she became an orator, and she replied:

Brother, I don't say that I ever did. I was untrained in the arts of the public debater, unschooled in the methods of the political exhorter. If I succeeded in swaying my audiences I did not deserve the credit. That belongs to a hidden power that worked within me. I was merely a voice, an instrument in the hands of a Great Force.
Eastern reporters described her as "...untrained, and while displaying plenty of a certain sort of power, is illogical, lacks sequence and scatters like a 10-gauge gun." Lease was was accused of being overly vulgar and foulmouthed. She was described by a republican editor as "the petti-coated smut-mill [...] Her venomous tongue is the only thing marketable about the old harpy, and we suppose she is justified in selling it where it commends the highest price." She stumped all over Kansas, as well as the Far West and the South, making more than 160 speeches for the cause. She was a powerful and emotional speaker. Emporia editor William Allen White, who did not share her political views, wrote on one occasion that "she could recite the multiplication table and set a crowd hooting and harrahing at her will."

Mrs. Lease became a problem for the Populist organization in Kansas when it began to flirt with the idea of cooperating with the Democratic party for victory in the state. In the 1890 contest there had been no attempt a fusion on the state ticket. With three parties in the field, the Republicans carried all state administrative positions save one, although the Populists did gain control of the Kansas house, elected five of eight congressmen, and were triumphant in the majority of the local contests as a result of fusion or the absence of Democratic candidates. (continue on p.334)

...her determination to have women's suffrage and temperance as her main focus at the Populist party's next state convention

Literary scholar Brian Attebery claimed Mary Elizabeth Lease to have been the model for Dorothy in L. Frank Baum's The Wonderful Wizard of Oz.

"India rich with every fertility of soil and climate, centralization of wealth, the curse of the money power, the incubus of bonds was loaded on India, and India went down as Persia and Spain, and Greece and Rome, as Turkey and Ireland went down, from the incubus of bonds, the curse of the money power."

Excerpt from a book I recommend to all populist reformers:

Jack Beatty, Age of Betrayal; The Triumph of Money in America, 1865-1900 (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2007) p. 132

Walter T.K. Nugent writes, She was "responsible for far more of her share of references to Shylock, Rothschild, Jewish bankers, and British gold, and her prominence in the movement put their ugly onus ont he mass of Populists who had neve drempt of such things." Wallace T. K. Nugent, The Tolerant Populists: Kansas Populism and Nativism (Chicago: University of Chicago PRess, 1963), p.83.]

Meanwhile farmers ikn western Kansas, the literary historian Vernon Parrington recalled, sat at night by their kitchen stoves "watching the year's crop go up the chimney." At a convention of the people" held in Topeka in August 1890 the Alliance founded the People's Party, and niminated canddiates to unseat the Republican state legislators who foted in John Ingalls as prelude to unseating "Mr. Republican himself.

The fall campaign -- a "pentacost of politics" composes a memorable set piece of the Populist revolt. It starred tow women orators, Annie Diggs and Mary E. Lease, the "People's Joan of Arc," who, in a voice that Kansas City Star called "a pure sweet contralto," telescoped the long fall from Gettysburg in the ear's recurring refrain" "It is no longer a government of the people, for the people, buy the people, but a goverment of Wall Street, for Wall Street, and by Wall Street. One of the first women lawyers in Kansas, a campaigner for woman's sufferage, prohibition, and freedom from for her ancestral Ireland, a member of the Knights of Lavor and the Farmers' Alliance, Lease was a charismatic platform speaker and bruising debator. ...

Lease against Fusion with Democrats and Bryan

The powers of goverment should be extended . . . to the end that oppression, injustice, and poverty shall eventually cease in the land."

That Copernican sentence appeared in the preamble to the first platform of hte national People's Party. Since the war goverment had extended its power to protect injustice. In the Guided Age it was easier to credit the virgin birth than the govemnet could serve the general welfare. Republican goverment serviced business. The Democrats wanted a weak federal goverment so that the southern oligarcy cold maintain the institutions -- lynching, convict labor, fraudulent elections, disfranchisement, racial apertheid -- that alone gave it popular legitimacy. The Populist credo -- "Equal rights to all, special privileges to none." -- challenged the operational maxims of both parties. They ahd viewed with alarm the rise of the Farmers' Alliance. They had tried to co-opt it. They had waved the bloody shirt in front of it. Yet they could not stop this social movement from birthing a political insurgency. In a fully mobilized electorate blood needent run in the streets to pub a bottom rail top. Americans cold vote themselves a fairere society. They party of green and the party of hate now faced a party of hope.

The Western Populists and the southern populists, in Omaha convention assembled, formed up the party and unvelied its platform of Juyly 4, 1892. They nominated a Union general for president and a one-legged Conferearated major for vice president. Although planks in the Omaha platform were calculated to appeal to the northern working man, the general, the former Greenback presidential candidate James b. Weaver of Iowa, wisely focused his campaign on the regions of agrarian discontent -- the West, were he was well received, and the South, where he was not. Democratic paoers accused him of wartime cruelties against Tennessee civilian Tennessee civilians. Mobs harassed and egged on him. Mrs. Weaver was made "a regular walking omlet by the Southern chivalry" of Macon Georgia.. That according to Mrs. Lease, who, as the Populists' most gifted orator, stumped with Weaver. Newspapers extended no chivalry to the "short-haired woman" from Kansas who "with a nose like an ant-eater and a voice like a cat fight," hinting that she was sleeping witht he general if not with both Weavers. After learning that Tom Watson had to be resced from an Atlanta Mob, Weaver canceled the rest of his campaign in the South and with his retreat ended Populism's dream of erasing the Mason-Dixon line in politics. In November Grover Cleveland swept the "Solid South," Weaver attracting only a third of the vote in Alabama.

(end of excerpt -- its 3:50 a.m. and I just can't keep my eyes on the page to type it)

============ ========= ====

We jeered the Democrats and Republicans- -those bloodsuckers. We chanted the populist rallying cry, "Equal justice for all! Special privileges for none!" Lease spoke extemporaneously but was careful to check her papers for statistics and quotes--so she couldn't be criticized for getting them wrong. She worried about the farmer who only gets 6 cents for corn that sells for 50 cents in Chicago--and for the starving children in Chicago whose families can't afford that. She complained that distillers can borrow money at 2% interest, but farmers must pay 10%. She protested that the masses pay three quarters of the taxes while owning only one quarter of the wealth. Women's suffrage was not a primary goal of Lease's, but it was important enough to her that she quit the party when the first act of a new party blending Populists and Democtrats (the Fusionists) was to drop the women's suffrage plank from the platform.

Like most women active in politics in the late 19th century, Lease started as a temperance activist and continued to discuss it during her career. Prohibition came in with the 18th amendment, only to be repealed later.

Lease and the Populists advocated for a graduated income tax which eventually came to pass as an amendment to the constitution. They also wanted a direct election of Senators--this also happened by amendment.

New York World
11 August 1896

MARY E. LEASE.

The Crowd Liked Her Dununciation of Cleveland and Whitney

Every Reference to Wealth and Its Owners Received with Wild Delight.
ATTACKED THE ENTIRE SOCIAL SYSTEM.

Charmed by the seductive oratory of Mrs. Mary Elizabeth Lease, the free silver mass-meeting at Cooper Union last night nursed itself into all the semblance of a socialistic gathering. ... Every mention of gold or wealth was greeted with shouts and jeers, and the names of Whitney and Cleveland, of Vanderbilt and Rothschild were hailed with hisses and cat-calls.

. It was very warm in the hall, and Mrs. Lease felt it. She was dressed in a light, lace-trimmed waist and black satin skirt, and her hair was neatly coiled. A winning smile was upon her face, and again and again she bowed to the plaudits of the crowd.

"I accept this splendid greeting from this splendid audience," she began, and the crowd howled appreciation of the compliment, "in evidence that there is no Mason and Dixon's line between the East and the West. I accept it as an evidence of the fact that the people of the East and West are battling for a common cause against a common foe. Not since the bleeding years of the war have party lines been so nearly obliterated, and the obedience to party leaders so refused as at the present time. The heart of the nation is aroused, and Principle and not Pelf is the watchword. The great heart of the nation beats response to patriotism, and the nation is safe."

At this point Mrs. Lease took the opportunity offered by the cheering to wipe a fugitive drop from her ear. Moistening her lips, she broadened out her confident smile and went on.

"We stand to-day at the beginning of one of those revolutionary periods that mark an advance of the race. We stand at a period that marks a reformation.

"All history is illustrated by the fact that new liberties cannot exist with old tyrannies. New ideals ever seek new manifestations. The ideals of Christ could not live under the tyrannies of the Roman government. The ideals of the founders of this Government could not exist under the tyrannies of royal rule."

Striding to the edge of the platform, Mrs. Lease stretched out her hand, clenched the fingers and then roared with masculine energy:

"The grand principles of America and the brotherhood of man cannot live under old forms of tyranny--neither under the forms of Old-World tyranny nor of British gold."

The demonstration that followed this announcement was remarkable. Two thousand throats sent up a shout that showed the sentiment of the meeting, and it was at least two minutes before absolute quiet prevailed. When Mrs. Lease proceeded she spoke of the great prosperity this country had seen.

"Yet to-day," she cried, "our splendid theory of government is confronted by a great peril. We have become blind to evils that menace us. We are confronted with glutted markets and idle labor. It is a condition that makes it possible for a few men to become landlords of a proud city like this while God's poor are packed in the slums."

"Hooray!" yelled a man far back in the hall, "Hooray--ki- --yi!"

The crowd took up the cry, and back and forth the cheers and yells and cat-calls rattled.

"Such a condition is not only a menace to Republican institutions, but a travesty upon the gospel of Jesus Christ..."

"Horray, horray!" yelled the man in the crowd again, and once more the hall resounded with the expression of the audience's temper.

"It makes it possible, too, " cried Mrs. Lease, shaking her shoulders fiercely, "for an American to pay $10,000,000 for the cast-off, disreputable rags of old world royalty, for the scion of a house that boasts the blood of a Jeffreys and a Marlborough. It is a disgrace to our nation.

"A condition by which the wealth accumulated by the common people is poured into lard tubs and oil wells, to enable Mr. Rockefeller to found a college and Mr. Whitney to buy a diamond tiara for his daughter is a disgrace to the country.

"Once we made it our boast that this nation was not founded upon any class distinction. But now we are not only buying diamonds for their wives and daughters and selling our children to titled debauchees, but we are setting aside our Constitution and establishing a gold standard to help the fortunes of our hereditary foe.

"To-day, a determined and systematic effort is being made by our financiers to perpetuate a gold standard. Every influence that moulds public opinion has been bought up, and the great dailies in the employ of the gold syndicate have fallen into line. The whole power of the government administration is being used to deceive the people. We hear sound money and honest dollar applied to the most dishonest money that ever cursed a nation or enslaved a people. What right has McKinley or Whitney to delegate our constitutional right to coin money to England or any other nation?"

"Hooray, hooray!" yelled the voice again. "Whitney's no Democrat!"

"Ha, hah! Ki-yi!" shrieked the crowd, with shouts of derisive laughter. Smiling in acknowledgement Mrs. Lease tried to attract the attention of a lemonade man. But the man passed onward with his bucket and she gulped in disappointment. In a swift aside she made known her need and an officious person in the front row hustled after the vendor. Then another officious one, all smiles and importance, handed up the drink, and all the meeting paused while Mrs. Lease moistened her throat.

"An organized effort is making to deceive the people. There are two great enemies of thought and progress, the aristocracy of royalty and the aristocracy of gold. Long ago, the aristocracy of royalty came to a common plane with the common people by the discovery of gunpowder, and the two met on a common field. Where is the respect of old for royalty? Even the English speak of their sovereign, Queen Victoria as being made not of common clay, but of common mud. The aristocracy of royalty is dying out.

"But here in this country we find in place of an aristocracy of royalty an aristocracy of wealth. Far more dangerous to the race is it than the aristocracy of royalty. It is the aristocracy of gold that disintegrates society, destroys individuals and has ruined the proudest nations. It has called Rothschild's agent here to make the platform of the Republican party."

Here Mrs. Lease got down to train robbers and road agents, bandits, pirates, highwaymen and other non-political persons. When she was through with her James boys and Daltons [the author chooses not to quote Mrs. Lease's comments against Rockefeller, Vanderbilt and Rothschild] she said that advancing civilization made the need of more civilized methods of robbery. Then as a gentle climax she called John Sherman a robber and likened all gold men to footpads.

"We have advanced scientifically, ethically and otherwise," she said, "but in finance we have followed the barbaric methods of our ancestors and the teachings of college-bred idiots who tell us that gold is the only desirable coin."

This bon mot was delivered fiercely, and was as fiercely applauded. "College-bred idiots" hit the crowd.

"By this" cried Mrs. Lease "we have arrived at a point when there is not enough money to carry on the business of the country. Go back with me a few years. When the war broke out the Government was compelled to beg for men and money. You responded nobly to that cry, but the men who had been crying 'on to Richmond!' refused to answer. They locked up their gold or sent it to Europe. They held their gold more sacred than your lives, your liberty, your wives and children, while the Government was compelled to mortgage itself to get that sneaking, cowardly yellow metal. And if war was to break out again to-morrow gold would disappear as suddenly again."

Mrs. Lease then took a shy at the "crime of '73." She told how the Government had made contracts on a bimetallic basis and then had changed it to a single standard. Lincoln, she declared, had called such acts as that a crime against posterity. Mentioning the bonded debt, Mrs. Lease called upon the reporters to hear her. During all the evening she made various flings at the press, but most of her speech was specially directed at the press seats. When she got down to the bonded debt she had the figures at her fingers' ends. When she rolled them off with the unction of a child who has mastered its a, b, cs, a man shouted:

"Make 'em take it down! Make 'em take it down!" He meant the reporters.

"Yes, yes," roared the crowd, "make 'em take it down!"

Mrs. Lease smiled happily and brushed away the perspiration ... and then she went at it again with the admonition that she might talk all night. Several persons arose hurriedly at this and went out, and an enthusiast on the platform said: "All right, go ahead."

Mrs. Lease was beginning on the debt again, when a woman in the third row cried out, "Let's wipe out the bonded debt." Just as appropriately she might have called: "Cut it bias," or "will it wash?" Mrs. Lease smiled a sickly smile at this evidence of womanly wisdom, and she was about to go on when the woman cried again: "Yes that's right. Wipe it off the slate."

"That's the sentiment," yelled a voice, and the crowd laughed.

"They say this question is so deep," said Mrs. Lease, when the woman had subsided, "that the common people are not fit to decide it. They say 'leave it to the financiers.' We have left it to them too long, and while we have been sinking into bankruptcy our financiers have been growing millionaires. "

After a few other remarks about gold and Great Britain and robbery Mrs. Lease made a ball of her handkerchief, dabbed her face once or twice and sat down. Great applause followed.

During the meeting resolutions were read by Secretary Barr. The resolutions applauded the work of the Democratic and Populistic conventions. ... They denounced also the application of the epithet 'anarchist' to them by the capitalists and agents of capital. The sudden affection for the laborer evinced by certain newspapers was also condemned as suspicious. Government ownership of telegraph and railroad lines was also advocated.

When the resolutions were read and put to vote many cried "No! no!" to them. At this a man in the back of the hall demanded a rising vote and almost precipitated a fight. He was subdued, however and the resolutions were declared adopted.

She was born to Irish immigrants Joseph P. and Mary Elizabeth (Murray) Clyens, in Ridgway, Pennsylvania. In 1895, she wrote The Problem of Civilization Solved, and in 1896, she moved to New York City where she edited the newspaper, World. In addition, she worked as an editor for the National Encyclopedia of American Biography

At the age of twenty she moved to Kansas to teach school in Osage Mission (St. Paul, Kansas), and three years later she married Charles L. Lease, a local pharmacist. After unsuccessful farming ventures in Kingman County and in Texas, the Leases and their four children moved to Wichita, Kansas, where she took a leading role in civic and social activities.

Lease became involved in the Populist Party, drumming up support for their cause. She believed that big business had made the people of America into "wage slaves."

In 1888, she began to work for the Union Labor Party and gave a speech at their state convention. From there she became involved in the movement that would become the Populist party. By 1890, her involvement in the growing revolt of Kansas farmers against high mortgage interest and railroad rates had placed her in the forefront of the People's (Populist) Party.

Between 1890 and 1896 she toured all over the country and became one of the decade's most prominent women. She was bitterly assailed in the Republican and Democratic press, accused of being a "virago" and "petticoated smut-mill." She is undoubtedly one of the 'harpies' mentioned by William Allen White in his 1896 editorial, "Whats the Matter with Kansas?"

Lease was a bitter opponent of Populist "fusion" with Democrats. She spent much of the 1890s fighting fusion arrangements in Kansas. At the 1896 Populist convention she and other anti-fusionists, like Tom Watson and Ignatius Donnelly, Minnesota editor of The Representative, lost, and the party nominated William Jennings Bryan. Lease reluctantly went out on the stump for Bryan, to her later regret. She spent much of the campaign in Minnesota, through Donnelly's arrangements. ... Soon after 1896, Lease divorced her husband and moved to New York City with her four children. She worked as a lawyer and lecturer for many years. When Eugene Debs ran for president in 1908, Lease spoke on his behalf; by 1912 she became an admirer of Theodore Roosevelt and supported his bid to recapture the presidency, under the banner of the "Bull Moose" Progressive Party. Before she died, Lease witnessed the passage of many of her cherished goals: prohibition, woman suffrage, and several planks of the long-defunct Populist platform--including direct election of Senators and more federal regulation of corporations and railroads. These reforms had been picked up by the Progressive, Republican, and Democratic leaders, but Lease counted them as part of the Populist legacy. "In these later years I have seen, with gratification, that my work in the good old Populist days was not in vain. The Progressive party has adopted our platform, clause for clause, plank by plank."

There is no book-length biography of Mary Elizabeth Lease. Sketches of her life and anecdotes and quotations from her political speeches are found throughout the literature on the Populist crusade, beginning with John D. Hicks, The Populist Revolt (1931). A highly colored biography is in Gerald W. Johnson, The Lunatic Fringe (1957).
Mary Elizabeth Clyens Lease (1853-1933), American lecturer, writer, and politician, gained national fame during the Populist crusade for reform in the 1890s. She was a zealous agitator for equality and opportunity.
Mary Elizabeth Clyens was born in Pennsylvania of Irish parents. She was reared and educated in Allegany County, N.Y. The family moved to Kansas, probably in 1870, at which time Mary Elizabeth was in Osage Mission, Kans., teaching in a parochial school. She married Charles L. Lease, a pharmacist, in 1873. The couple soon moved to Texas, where three of their four children were born. Returning to Kansas in the early 1880s, the family settled in Wichita.

In 1885 Lease was admitted to the bar and entered public life speaking on behalf of the Irish National League with a flaming tirade on the subject of "Ireland and Irishmen." In 1888 she spoke before the state convention of the Union Labor party, a forerunner of the People's party in Kansas, and was the party's candidate for county office long before women were eligible to vote.

Lease was an effective campaigner for the candidates of the Farmers' Alliance - People's party during the 1890 election, making over 160 speeches. During the campaign she was often mistakenly called Mary Ellen, and her enemies dubbed her "Mary Yellin." During one 3-hour speech in Halstead, Kan., she reportedly remarked, "What you farmers need to do is raise less corn and more Hell."

Lease was active in the presidential campaign of 1892, accompanying Populist candidate James Baird Weaver on a disastrous tour of the South. In Minnesota and Nevada she made eight speeches a day. When the Populists gained control of the administration of Kansas, she was named president of the State Board of Charities in 1893. She feuded with the governor and was removed from office but was reinstated by the Kansas Supreme Court.

In 1896 Lease was a leader of the antifusion faction in the Populist party, which fought a merger with the Democrats, who supported the presidential candidacy of William Jennings Bryan. She lost the fight at the national convention but immediately joined the staff of the New York World to campaign against the Democratic candidate. Lease turned to writing articles and poetry for magazines and published a book, The Problem of Civilization Solved. She continued to champion reform - woman's suffrage, prohibition, evolution, and birth control.

The best published source on Lease is Dorothy Rose Blumberg, "Mary Elizabeth Lease, Populist Orator: A Profile," Kansas History 1 (1978): 3-15.

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Mrs. Lease, on June 3, made a grand speech of two and a half hours, before an immense crowd at Dodge Center. The next night she addressed an extemproized meeting at Kasson.... Steps should be taken to keep her in [Minnesota] until election day, if it is possible.
She makes hundreds of votes wherever she speaks. The only danger is of break-down. She is over-zealous and forgets herself in her earnestness. Our friends must not let her work herself to death. See that she is well entertained and has plenty of rest between speeches.
Ignatius Donnelly, The Representative, 10 June

One need talk with Mrs. Lease only ten minutes to observe certain things: She is self-confident, and also thoroughly impressed with herself. She enjoys the fire of hot opposition. She "poses" even in private conversation. ... Mrs. Lease is earnest, absolutely fearless, but uppermost in all her thoughts and deeds seems to be Mrs. Lease, and after that her cause....
When she makes a statement that needs backing she can give, off-hand, the section, clause, paragraph, and line of the Constitution; she can quote by the paragraph from this or that Supreme Court decision; she can repeat what this or that man said in the United States Senate thirty, forty, fifty years ago.... If you have only a few fundamental and even correct notions about the gold side of this money queson--all that is necessary for any ordinary and intelligent man to have--you had better keep away from Mrs. Lease, for she will throw you by a simple twist of her thumb--or perhaps I had better say twist of her tongue.
--Franklin Matthews, Leslie's Weekly, 10 September

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New York Tribune:

But there is this to be said, of which there can be no denial, that Mrs. Lease upon the political platform or stump, uttering invectives more than masculine, and appealing to the brutal passions of the mob rather than to the calm sense of reasoning men and women, must be treated the same as any other mob leader, male or female. She cannot shelter herself behind her sex while appealing to bloodthirsty passions and inciting lawless riot.

Mrs. Lease is representative of the party--we will not call it Democratic-- which presents Mr. Bryan as a candidate... . In the principles she avows, and the policies she advocates, in the coarse vigor of her speech and the startling aggressiveness of her manner, she is in the highest degree the best and truest exponent of the Bryan platform and party. In the extravagance of her language, the wantonness and recklessness with which she appealed to class hatred, pointing out by name as the proper objects of popular vengeance good and honorable citizens whose only offence is the possession of property accumulated honestly under the laws, she may have seemed to be in advance of her party. But only a step; just enough to bring out with clearness and distinctness the real spirit and purpose of the revolutionists and Anarchists who are bent on the destruction of public credit and the overthrow of social order. A step behind this raging virago, foaming with fury and blazing with wrath, is the wild mob of levellers eager for the general distribution of spoils; behind them the Terror, with its bloody bacchanals and merciless savagery. --New York Tribune, August 13, 1896

Be warned. Mary E. Lease had views on race that set her apart:

Lease's background as an unsuccessful tenant farmer and traces the beginnings of Lease's work as an advocate for farmers and for woman suffrage. ... Lease believed that the "redemptive power of farming" could cure many societal ills. Due to a lack of available farmland within the United States, however, Lease proposed a scheme to colonize tropical lands to the south. Lease proposed moving millions of white families to the tropics, almost the demographic opposite of migrations occuring today. These white families would not do the farming themselves, due to the damage that tropical heat could wreak on the Caucasian constitution. Instead, Lease suggested that families of negroes should farm while whites worked worked out of the direct sunlight.

Sociologist Edward Ross, known for coining the term "race suicide," spoke to the same set of anxieties. Rather than building actual farms, however, Ross hoped to change the "values of society itself." Ross urged immigration restriction, but he also framed race suicide as a byproduct of urbanization. The solution, yet again, was the small family farm, preferably on the frontier where the "American type" would best prosper. Ross built his analysis of race suicide on "the issues of economics, immigration, and urbanization, "

As a women lecturer for the Kansas Farmers' Alliance put it, “all things that are of interest to men are of like interest to women.” But Populism also provided a means for women to take steps towards independence, and to define and claim their rights as women.

The Farmers' Alliance offered women the same membership rights that men enjoyed, including the right to vote and stand for office within the organization. This stood in contrast to virtually every other major institution in American life. Notably, political parties barred women altogether, and the churches excluded women from being officers or serving in positions of authority.

women served as secretaries, treasurers, and other officers. Luna Kellie served as the secretary of the Nebraska Farmers' Alliance, and Bettie Gay held a prominent place in the Texas Alliance. The Populists also recruited a remarkable group of talented women as lecturers, writers, and newspaper editors. This included Marion Todd of Illinois and Annie Diggs of Kansas. Another Kansan, Mary Elizabeth Lease gained national prominence with her speeches before Farmers' Alliance and People's Party audiences.

Throughout, the Populist party was strongest in Kansas, Nebraska, Colorado, Texas, and North Carolina, although its influence was also felt in other southern and western states. Out of its ranks emerged many talented and colorful figures, among them Ignatius Donnelly of Minnesota; Jeremiah Simpson, William A. Peffer, Mary E. Lease, and Annie Diggs of Kansas; and William V. Allen and William Neville of Nebraska. Among the prominent southern leaders were Thomas E. Watson of Georgia, Marion Butler of North Carolina, and James Harvey Davis of Texas.

From 1891 to 1903, fifty Populist party candidates, representing sixteen states and one territory, were elected to Congress, where they waged an educational campaign on behalf of the Populist program and spoke out on a wide range of issues, from the economic depression of 1893–96 to the nation's imperialist expansion. For many, the Populist movement remains a source of inspiration. As one historian has written: “The Populists’ message remains as relevant today as in the nineteenth century, and their vision of community still serves as a powerful critique of American society.”

Stiller, Richard. Queen of the Populists: The Story of Mary Elizabeth Lease. 245 pp. New York: Crowell, 1970. Juvenile.
Taylor, Betty L. "Mary Elizabeth Lease, Kansas Populist." M.A. thesis, U of Wichita, 1951. 58 pp.

Sarah Van De Vort Emery (1838-95) and her Seven Financial Conspiracies Which Have Enslaved the American People (1887)

LEASE, MARY ELIZABETH CLYENS (1853–1933). Mary Elizabeth Lease, lecturer, writer, and political agitator, daughter of Joseph P. and Mary Elizabeth (Murray) Clyens, was born in Ridgway, Pennsylvania, on September 11, 1853. Her father and two brothers were killed during the Civil War, and she subsequently hated the Democratic party, which she considered responsible for the war. In 1868 she graduated from St. Elizabeth's Academy in Allegany, New York. Shortly after her graduation she moved to Osage Mission, Kansas, to teach at St. Anne's Academy. In 1873 she married Charles L. Lease, a pharmacist's clerk, and moved to Kingman County. They lost their farm there and in 1874 moved to Denison, Texas, where four of their five children were born, while Mary took in washing and studied law, her notes pinned above the washtub. Charles took a job at Acheson's Drugstore.

Through the influence of Mrs. Alex (Sarah) Acheson, Mary joined the temperance movement and began her career of political agitation. She was a naturally gifted speaker with an ability to make the mundane seem dramatic. She probably made her first political speech before the local Woman's Christian Temperance Union. Charles appears to have attempted to augment his fortunes by buying and selling lots in the infant railroad town. By the fall of 1883 the Leases had moved back to Kingman County, Kansas, though they continued to have real estate dealings in Denison for several years. In 1885 Mary was admitted to the Kansas bar and began her activist career in earnest, a move that resulted in her divorce from Charles in 1902. She made her political debut in 1888 at the state convention of the Union Labor party, ran for office on its ticket, and soon joined the Farmers' Alliance, or Populist, party. She was referred to as the "People's Joan of Arc." In that party's 1890 campaign she made more than 160 speeches and claimed credit for the defeat of Kansas senator John Ingalls. She opposed big business and stated flatly that "Wall Street owns the country." After she allegedly told Kansas farmers to "raise less corn and more hell," she said a newspaper had made it up, but that it "was a good bit of advice."

In 1892 she traveled the West and South with Populist presidential candidate James Weaver, who noted that the laboring people "almost worshipped her." The next year she pursued a race for United States senator and was vice president of the World Peace Congress in Chicago. She was also appointed president of the Kansas Board of Charities, but had a falling-out with Governor Lorenzo Lewelling over political appointments. Lewelling had been elected to office by a Populist-Democratic coalition. Mary Lease opposed the coalition and refused to support "fusion" appointments. Lewelling tried to remove her from office, going as far as the Kansas Supreme Court, but failed. But despite her victory over Lewelling, she did severe damage to her party by refusing to align with Democrats. The Lease-Lewelling controversy, along with other inner tensions, weakened the People's (Populist) party, and they were defeated in the 1894 elections at all levels of government.

In 1895 Lease wrote The Problem of Civilization Solved. She moved the next year to New York City, where she wrote for Joseph Pulitzer's newspaper, the New York World, campaigned against the Democrats, and, before fading from the political scene in 1918, lectured for the New York Board of Education. While in New York, she also worked as an editor for the National Encyclopedia of American Biography. Though she was raised a Catholic, she became a Christian Scientist as an adult. She belonged to the Daughters of Isabella, the Knights of Labor, the Prohibition Lecture Bureau, and the Citizens' Alliance. Mary Lease died in Callicoon, New York, on October 29, 1933.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: Gene Clanton, Populism: The Humane Preference in America, 1890–1900 (Boston: Twayne, 1991). Dictionary of American Biography. Denison Herald, June 25, 1972. Scott G. McNall, The Road to Rebellion: Class Formation and Kansas Populism, 1865–1900 (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1988). New York Times, October 30, 1933. Richard Stiller, Queen of Populists: The Story of Mary Elizabeth Lease (New York: Crowell, 1970). Who Was Who in America, Vol. 1.

Sherrie S. McLeRoy